Glaciers in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh has many Large and small glaciers that feed almost all the rivers in the state. However it’s still not confirmed that how much of water in rivers comes from these glaciers. These glaciers in Himachal Pradesh are life line for rivers as well as a great store of nature beauty.
What is Glacier And How Glaciers Are Formed?
Glacier is a large, thick and hard perennial accumulation of crystalline ice made up from fallen snow from the mountains. Snow slides from upper areas of mountains and stores in down areas. Over many years this snow gets compressed and becomes rock hard ice. This is called glacier.
Due to sheer mass, glaciers flow like very slow rivers. Some glaciers are as small as football fields, while others grow to be dozens or even hundreds of kilometers long.
At present, 10 per cent of total world’s land is occupied by the glaciers. Most of glaciers are located in Antarctica, Greenland, and the Canadian Arctic region.
Now days, the area under glaciers is decreasing day by day due to melting of these glaciers. Due to global warning the temperature of earth is increasing every year that results to melting of these glaciers.
Some of Famous Glaciers in Himachal Pradesh
1. Bara Shigri Glacier: The word “Bara” stands for “Big” and the Shigri Means Glacier in local language of Himachal Pradesh.Bara Sigri Glacier is the largest glacier in Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. Situated at a height between 3984 meter to 6363 meter from sea level. Bara Shigri glacier lies on the northern slopes of the main Pir Panjal Range of the Inner Himalayas.
This glacier in Himachal Pradesh is 25 KM long and 3 KM wide. Some other small glaciers are feeding the Bara Shigri Glacier. The entire are of the glacier is a barren land and there is no natural pronunciation.
Chandra River in Lahaul Valley got its water from this glacier.
2. Chandra Glacier: This glacier is located on the slopes of greater Himalaya in Lahaul Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh. It is assumed that this glacier is seprated from Bara Shigri Glacier. Chander Tal Lake is also made-up and feed by this glacier. The Chandra Glacier irrigated the Chandra and Bhaga Rivers. Both these rivers joints at Tandi in Lahaul Spiti and become famous Chinav River.
3. The Lady of Keylong Glacier: This is the famous glacier in terms of tourism in Kinnaur District of Himachal Pradesh. It is easily visible from Keylong Town. The Lady of Keylong Glacier is located at a height of 6061 meters from sea level. The glacier is named by the “Lady Alshende” during British ruling about 100 years ago. Throughout the years this glacier remains covered with snow. In middle of year when the snow melts then its shape looks like a woman carrying a load on her back.
4. Bhadal Glacier: This glacier is located at Bara Bhangaal Region of district Kangra in south-west slope of Pir Panjal range. Bhadal river, The main sub river of Ravi, is irrigated by this glacier.
5. Bhaga Glacier: Bhaga glacier is located in Lahaul Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. This glacier is surrounded by high snow covered mountains. This glacier generates Bhaga River.
6. Chander Nahan Glacier: This glacier is located at height of 6000 meters in south-east slope of Greater Himalaya in Roharu area in district Shimla of Himachal Pradesh. Chander Nahan Lake is near this glacier.
7. Gefeng Glacier: This Glacier is in Lahaul valley. And local resindets also called it the Manimahesh of Lahaul Valley. Gefeng glacier is named after the name of the famous God gefeng in Lahaul Valley. The gefenge peak is similar to Matterhauren Peak at Switerzland.
8. Vyas Kund Glacier: This glacier is located at Southern slope of Pir Panjal Range near the famous Rohtang Pass in Kullu Distt of Himachal Pradesh. Vyas Kund Glacier provides water to Vyas River.
9. Dudhon and Parvati Glacier: These two Glaciers are Located in Kullu valley and provides water to parvati river. The length of these glaciers is 15 KM each.
10. Miyar Glacier: Located in Lahaul Valley, this glacier provides water to Miyar river. This glacier is about 12 KM long.
11. Sonapani Glacier: This glacier is almost 5 KM far from Kulti Nala in Kullu Distt. Sonapani Glacier can be easily seen from Rohtang Pass.
Apart from above mentioned glaciers, there are several other small and medium sized glaciers in Himachal Pradesh who feeds many rivers and Sub Rivers in the state. Some of them are: Chota Shigri Glacier, Pacha Glacier, Shipting Glacier, Tapan Glacier, Shilli Laluni Glacier, Milang Glacier, Kulti Glacier, Taragiri Glacier,Shilpa Glacier, Kukti Glacier, Neelkand Glacier, Lenger Glacier, Tichhu Glacier, Saraumanga Glacier, Raygarh Glacier, Tapni-Lahuni Glacier, Shaan Glacier etc.
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