Mountain Ranges in Himachal Pradesh
There are too many attractive and Adorable mountain ranges, peaks and valleys in Himachal Pradesh. To understand the geographical structure of Himachal Pradesh we will need to understand these ranges first, because these mountain ranges in Himachal Pradesh has their own special geographical, historical, economical and cultural significance. Mainly, there are four mountain ranges in Himachal Pradesh. These are:-
Shivalik Mountain Range
Outer Himalaya Range is also known as Shivalik Range or Lower Himalaya Range. Height of the area under this range is between 350 meter to 1500 meters. Word shivalik is named after the name of Lord Shiva. Shivalik means Tresses of Lord Shiva. It is considered that whole Himalaya is Lord Shiva himself.
Ancient name of Shivalik Range was Manak Parvat. The lower and almost plane areas of Himachal Pradesh fall in this range. These are dense populated areas and these areas are:- a) Dharamshala, Palampur, Kangra, Dehra, nurpur and Jawali area of Distt Kangra. b) Sarkaghaat, Balh, Joginder Nagar and Sunder Nagar area of Mandi Distt. c) Chamba, Dalhauji, Churah and Bhatiyat of Chamba Distt. d) Arki, Kunihar and lower region of Solan Distt. e) Paunta and Nahan region of Sirmour Distt.
Dhaula Dhar Mountain Range
Dhauladhar mountain Range falls is Inner Himalaya Region. Height of this mountain range is between 3000 meter to 4570 meters. This range is also known as White Range because it remains covered with snow.
This Mountain Range falls in Kullu, some parts of Mandi, Kangra distt and Chamba Distt. It starts from the banks of the Beas River in Kulu Distt and then curves towards the Mandi Town of Distt Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India. Then, towards north, it passes through Barabhangal and moves to Distt Chamba, Himachal Pradesh.
Hanuman Tibba is the highest peak in the range at an elevation of about 5982m high. This can be approached from Beas Kund near Manali, Distt Kullu Himachal Pradesh. There are several other peaks that falls in this range and are close to 5000m height.
Peer Panjal Mountain Range
This is the largest mountain range of mid or Inner Himalaya. The height of this range is between 4000m to 5500m. After this range there is no human habitation because of the heavy snow fall.
In Himachal, from satluj valley, this range cuts the Spiti valley from Kullu Valley then goes through upper kangra region to enter Chmba Distt.
Some of the main places of this region are: Pachhad and Renuka of Sirmaur Distt, Seraj, Thunag, Chachiot, Karsog and Balichowki area of Mandi Distt, Bada Bhangal area of Kangra distt, Upper areas of Chamba and Shimla Distt. The famous top near Shimla town “Chud Dhar” also falls in this range.
Greater Himalaya Mountain Range in Himachal Pradesh
This range is also known as Alpine Zone. This mountain range goes along with the eastern border of Himachal Pradesh and the stream of Satluj divides it at a place called Shipki. The height of this range is between 5000m to 7000m from sea level.
This mountain range is the last towards the east that cuts Sapiti, kinnaur and Kashmir from Tibet. The famous Rohtang Pass, Kunjum Pass and Baralacha pass and some other passes fall in this range. The famous Janskar range also falls in this region.
All peaks in the range are at a height more than 6000m from sea level. The heighest peak of Himachal “Shilla” at height of 7025m falls in this range. Janskar mountain Range and Greater Himalaya Range, both are feeder of many snow rivers and they are rich in glaciers also. These mountains remains covered with snow throughout the year.mountain ranges in Himachal Pradesh has their own special geographical, historical, economical and cultural significance. Mainly, there are four mountain ranges in Himachal Pradesh.
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